AskDefine | Define agaric

Dictionary Definition

agaric

Noun

1 fungus used in the preparation of punk for fuses [syn: Fomes igniarius]
2 a saprophytic fungus of the order Agaricales having an umbrellalike cap with gills on the underside

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From agaricum, from ἀγαρικόν

Pronunciation

/əˈgæɹɪk/

Noun

  1. Any of various fungi of the family Agaricaceae, having umbrella-like caps with numerous gills beneath.
  2. The dried mushroom used in medicine.

Derived terms

Translations

any fungus having a cap with gills

Extensive Definition

An agaric is a type of fungal fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus that is clearly differentiated from the stipe, with lamellae (gills) on the underside of the pileus. "Agaric" can also refer to a basidiomycete species characterized by an agaric-type fruiting body. An archaic usage of the word agaric meant ‘tree-fungus': from Latin agaricum, however that meaning was superseded by the Linnaean interpretation in 1753 when Linnaeus used the generic name Agaricus for gilled mushrooms.
Most species of agarics are classified in the Agaricales, however, this type of fruiting body is thought to have evolved several times independently, hence the Russulales, Boletales, Hymenochaetales, and several other groups of basidiomycetes also contain agaric species. Older systems of classification place all agarics in the Agaricales, and some (mostly older) sources still use "agarics" as a common name for the Agaricales. Contemporary sources now tend to use the term euagarics when referring only to members of the Agaricales. "Agaric" is also sometimes used as a common name for members of the genus Agaricus, as well as for members of other genera, for example, Amanita muscaria is sometimes called "fly agaric".

External links

agaric in Spanish: Agárico
agaric in Kurdish: پوه‌ڵه‌ کارگ
agaric in Russian: Пластинчатые грибы
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